In psychology, a drive theory or drive doctrine is a theory that attempts to define, analyze, or classify the psychological drives a drive is an excitatory state produced by a homeostatic disturbance,  an instinctual need that has the power of driving the behaviour of an individual. The cognitive theories of motivation include the expectancy theory and the goal-setting theory the expectancy theory of motivation explains why and how an individual chooses one behavioural option over others. The four-drive theory humans have evolved to survive differently from other animals we have endured as a species because we learned to work in groups and rely on problem-solving skills, rather than brute force, inborn physical capacities and instincts. The four-drive theory states that everyone has four innate drives-the drives to acquire, bond, learn, and defend what emotions do the four drive theory activate these drives activate emotions that people regulate through a skill set that considers social norms, past experience, and personal values. Part of what a theory of motivation tries to do is explain and predict who has which wants this turns out to be exceedingly difficult many theories posit a hierarchy of needs, in which the needs at the bottom are the most urgent and need to be satisfied before attention can be paid to the others.
The three needs motivation theory of david mcclelland simplifies the factors of motivation to three basic needs, power, achievement, and affiliation it uses the thematic aptitude test (tat) to evaluate people based on three needs. final research paper four-drive theory in the workplace organizational behavior- mt3250 dr carl w proehl, jr november 5, 2013 abstract one of the hardest jobs as a manager is getting people to do their best work, even in trying circumstances and deciphering what motivates us as human beings. Four drive theory of employee motivation according to the four-drive model the drives to acquire, bond, comprehend, and defend motivate every human being and should all be addressed in the workplace.
Behavioral psychologists have developed various theories about motivation in an attempt to better understand and control human behavior a basic understanding of three major motivation theories helps us to see how motivation can be applied in the workplace. The hierarchy of needs theory was coined by psychologist abraham maslow in his 1943 paper a theory of human motivation the crux of the theory is that individuals' most basic needs must be met before they become motivated to achieve higher level needs. Four-drive theory essay research paper four-drive theory in the workplace organizational behavior- mt3250 dr carl w proehl, jr november 5, 2013 abstract one of the hardest jobs as a manager is getting people to do their best work, even in trying circumstances and deciphering what motivates us as human beings. Four drive theory of motivation in business - free download as word doc (doc / docx), pdf file (pdf), text file (txt) or read online for free.
Drive theory is consequently also known as drive reduction theory these drives are necessary, otherwise needs would not be satisfied it is also important for the person to perceive the stimulus and response in order to learn. According to expectancy theory, an unwanted reward has: the main implication of the fourdrive theory of motivation is that abc corp brought in a performancebased reward system that accurately identified employees who performed better than others. Four drive theory the four drive model of employee motivation was presented by lawrence and nohria in 2002 the model is a holistic way of looking at employee motivation beyond the typical pay model that is prevalent in the corporate world today. The secret to catapulting your company into a leading position in terms of employee motivation is to improve its effectiveness in fulfilling all four basic emotional drives, not just one. A manager with the intention of implementing the four drive theory in the workplace should have employees tested to find out which of the drives are most important to the individual on down to which of the drives provides the least amount of motivation.
This finding was reported by chip heath, on the social psychology of agency relationships: lay theories of motivation overemphasize extrinsic incentives, organizational behavior and human decision processes, 1999, pp 25-62. Four-drive theory is a holistic and humanistic theory of motivation by paul lawrence and nitin nohria it organises drives into four categories: the drive to acquire, to bond, to learn and to defend it organises drives into four categories: the drive to acquire, to bond, to learn and to defend. This fun, short story shows how one manager used the 4-drive of employee motivation to help increase the performance of his team and save the day. Daniel h pink is the author of four provocative books -- including the long-running new york times bestseller, a whole new mind, and the #1 new york time bestseller, drive his books have been translated into 33 languages.